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福利与归属:英国的社会转型与多元文化
2016年12月23日 15:56 来源:RACE & CLASS 卷 作者:Burnett, Jon 字号

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  Entitlement and belonging: social restructuring and multicultural Britain

  福利与归属:社会转型与多元文化的英国

  Abstract: In May, two flagship measures of the current Conservative UK government, the Housing and Planning Act 2016 and the Immigration Act 2016 were passed, despite opposition from rights and advocacy organisations, charities and individuals in both fields. Based on wide-ranging research carried out before the Acts' passage, the article shows how both Acts will work in tandem to reinforce and exacerbate a fundamental restructuring of the societal landscape, which will particularly impact on multiracial, inner-city and poor communities. They continue a process in which social entitlements are ever more codified and restricted, rights seen as linked to (and dependent on) responsibilities, with certain categories of persons - undocumented workers, asylum seekers - excluded from some rights altogether. As the state increasingly divests itself of accountability for its actions, it is placing yet more onus on third-sector organisations to become accountable, not to their clients, but to government targets and policies.

  摘要:2016年5月,尽管受到权利和宣传组织、慈善机构和个人的反对,英国保守党政府的两项标志性措施:住房和规划法2016号和移民法第2016号获得通过。基于法案通过前广泛的研究,本文显示出两个法案如何串联在一起以加强和加剧社会形态的一个根本性的重构,这将给多民族、城市和贫困社区带来深远影响。政府继续推进这一过程中,社会福利越来越规范和受限,权利被视为与(依赖)责任关联,对某些类别的人--无证件工人、寻求庇护者—同时取消一些权利。随着国家越来越剥离其责任的行动,将更多的负担移交第三部门组织从而变得负责任,但不是对他们的客户(民众)负责,而是对政府的目标和政策负责。

  作者: Burnett, Jon

  来源:RACE & CLASS 卷: 58 期: 2 页: 37-54 出版年: OCT-DEC 2016

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