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德国的第二代土耳其移民同化成中产阶级了吗?
2017年02月17日 16:37 来源:ETHNICITIES 卷 作者:Hartmann, Joerg 字号

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  Do second-generation Turkish migrants in Germany assimilate into the middle class?

  德国的第二代土耳其移民同化成中产阶级了吗?

  Abstract: The understanding of career paths of migrants is crucial for gaining deeper insights into assimilation processes. However, previous studies in Germany have paid little attention to middle-class assimilation and the career sequences of the second generation of migrants. This paper focuses on early employment career patterns of the children of guest workers, both men and women and especially those of Turkish origin, in comparison to native Germans. Using the German Socioeconomic Panel data set, I apply sequence analysis and regression analysis techniques to describe and assess differences in their success of middle-class assimilation in early employment careers. The findings are robust for two unique definitions of holding a middle-class position, and suggest that large differences exist between native-born Germans and second-generation Turks, and especially between second-generation Turkish women and native German women. The results for second-generation Turkish men indicate that their differences can be explained entirely by education. In the case of second-generation Turkish women, the causes for their disadvantage are more complex and include their lower education, language skills, and host-country-specific social capital as well as group-specific penalties for marriage and childbirth.

  摘要:了解移民的职业路径对深入了解移民的同化过程是至关重要的。然而,以前在德国的研究很少关注中产阶级同化和第二代移民的职业生涯。本文重点介绍移民儿童工人(包括男性和女性)的早期就业的模式,尤其是那些来自土耳其的工人,并与本土德国人进行比较。使用德国社会经济数据集,我应用序列分析和回归分析技术来描述和评估他们在早期就业生涯中的中产阶级同化成功的差异。对保持中产阶级的地位的两个独特的定义,研究结果是稳定的,并提出土生土长的德国人和第二代土耳其人之间存在巨大差异,尤其是第二代土耳其妇女和土著德国妇女之间。对第二代土耳其男子的结果表明,他们的差异可以完全用教育水平来解释。对第二代土耳其妇女,他们的弱势的原因是更复杂的,包括他们较低的教育水平,语言技能,东道国特定的社会资本以及特定群体的婚姻和育儿的原因。

  作者:Hartmann, Joerg

  来源:ETHNICITIES   卷: 16   期: 3   页: 368-392   出版年: JUN 2016

  

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